Mayonnaise — This creamy sauce with a high content of vegetable oils with a distinct taste. The origin of the word « mayonnaise » in French is unknown. Larousse Gastronomique 1961 is of the opinion that the word comes from the Old French « moyeu », which, among other things, meant the yolk . There are other versions of his origin, mainly based on the legendary and striking historical events. Here is one of them: The word « mayonnaise » — geographical origin and is associated with the name of the city Mahon — the capital of the Spanish island of Menorca, which is part of the Balearic Islands. As stated in one of the French encyclopedic dictionaries, Mahon was conquered by the Duke of Richelieu. In 1758, the British laid siege to the city. The French have exhausted stocks of food, except eggs and olive oil. Because these foods cook cooked scrambled eggs and omelettes, which pretty tired of the French officers. The Duke of Richelieu ordered his cook to cook some new dish. The resourceful chef whipped eggs with oil and season the mixture with salt and spices. Like the sauce called « mayonnaise », in honor of the city Mahon . At the very Menorca mayonnaise called salsa mahonesa (maonsky sauce). It is possible that this simple sauce is quite ancient and arose independently in several places of the Mediterranean — where there is olive oil and eggs. There is another version of what happened on the mayonnaise sauce ali-oli (garlic, peretёrty with olive oil), known since time immemorial. Mayonnaise is an emulsion of « oil in water », to cook it traditionally used the egg lecithin (egg yolk). Later, he was almost completely supplanted soy lecithin and other emulsifiers having HLB 8 & hellip;. 18 The original mayonnaise stored for a few days, since its formulation include perishables. To increase shelf life manufacturers use preservatives. The shelf life of mayonnaise different brands ranged from 1 to 7 months.